This article examines the unintended effects of UN intervention leading to substantial increases in the human sex trafficking trade into crisis areas. It looks particularly at the cases of Kosovo, Haiti and Sierra Leone. In July 1999 the Kosovo Protection Force entered Kosovo, the war-torn province of Serbia, in order to protect ethnic Albanians. Within months the global human rights community drew attention to the establishment and intensification of human sex trafficking into Kosovo. In August 2004, Amnesty International reported that young women from Eastern Europe were being abducted, drugged, and sold into human trafficking rings in Kosovo.
This paper demonstrates that the introduction of UN peacekeeping forces into a crisis area leads to an increase in the rate of human trafficking, and reveals that the size of the force determines the magnitude of the increase. It concludes that more aggressive monitoring of trafficking patterns following the departure of peacekeeping forces is needed and also a consideration of the best method for reducing the spread of human trafficking in the wake of UN intervention should be undertaken.