Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among Men Prior to Parole Revocation: Prevalence and Correlates
Police officers are always trying to control the misconduct of those who are on parole in order to control crime in the community, but what types of behaviors land them back in jail and what can law enforcement officials do about it? This article discusses how to target the most common risky behaviors among specific groups of parolees in order to lower crime in the community. 126 state-prison inmates were interviewed who had been reincarcerated due to parole violations. These ex-parolees were asked about their behavior throughout the three-month period prior to their parole revocation. The researchers found that throughout this period of time, a majority of men shared two things in common: drug use and sex with multiple partners.
The authors wrote, “Our findings further document the need to focus effort on the prevention of substance abuse and sexual risk behavior among men who are on parole.” The researchers stated that certain prevention programs could be created to target the behaviors among specific types of men on parole. Two thirds of people released from prisons in the United States are reincarcerated within three years, many for substance use violations. This reveals that current prison treatment programs do not effectively enable men to avoid drug relapses after they are released from prison.