Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category

Supporting adaptation decision making in response to a changing climate

August 7, 2012

Special Issue: Adaptation and resilience to a changing climate: Supporting adaptation decision making

From Building Services Engineering Research and Technology

This special issue provides an overview on the development of weather data based on the UK Climate Projections 2009 (UKCP09) to support modelling of buildings and services. UKCP09 offers a range of possible climate outcomes and the probability of those outcomes, based on our best understanding of how the climate system operates and how drivers of change can affect those outcomes. It is this offering that provides both the challenges and the opportunities to practitioners and provides the focus for research presented in this Special Issue.

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The recent tragic sinking of the Costa Concordia has provoked concern for safety on the seas: Collision avoidance of ships

February 1, 2012

From Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment

The recent disastrous experience of the Costa Concordia ship as it collided with rocks has provoked much concern and discussion about safety on the seas. SAGE has freed access to these two relevant articles from this journal Automatic collision avoidance of ships’ and ‘A procedure to optimize ship side structures for crashworthiness’.

The first considers automatic simulation of ship maneuvering to achieve effective safe paths on the seas and the second explores ways to optimize a conceptual ship side structure for crashworthiness with the aim of attempting to protect against rupture.

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Rehab robots lend stroke patients a hand

August 23, 2011

Effects of robot-assisted upper limb rehabilitation on daily function and real-world arm activity in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial

From Clinical Rehabilitation

Patients following a stroke often have weakness on one side of the upper body which can make daily life more difficult. This study outlines how robot-assisted therapy helps arm function to improve after a stroke. It is the first to use accelerometers to track patients’ improvement and compare real world results. 20 patients enrolled in a study comparing robot-assisted therapy combined with functional training against an active control treatment group. Stroke patients usually have difficulties transferring motor skills learned in therapy to their daily living environment because of cognitive deficits. Robotic rehabilitation is increasingly available, and holds promise for enhancing traditional post-stroke interventions. Because robots never tire, they can provide massive and intensive training in a consistent manner without fatigue, with programming precisely tailored to each patient’s needs.

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Recognizing cutting edge robotics research

July 11, 2011

From The International Journal of Robotics Research

During a visit to Carnegie Mellon University’s National Robotics Engineering Center, Obama launched the New Robotics Initiative which seeks to advance the “next generation of robotics”. The National Robotics Initiative involves the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, NASA, and the Department of Agriculture, which combined will make available up to $70 million per year to fund new robotics projects. Just as Obama stated during his speech, “You might not know this, but one of my responsibilities as commander-in-chief is to keep an eye on robots,” researchers in robotics will need to ‘keep an eye’ on what is happening at the cutting edge of robotics research.

To celebrate the recognition of this important area of research and the commitment provided to future initiatives, SAGE has freed access to four relevant articles from one of its key Robotics titles – The International Journal of Robotics Research (now ranked #1 in the 2010 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, Robotics category).

Read these articles for free

Flagellated magnetotactic bacteria as controlled mri-trackable propulsion and steering systems for medical nanorobots operating in the human microvasculature

Nanorobot for brain aneurysm

Driver inattention detection based on eye gaze—road event correlation

Design and control of a bio-inspired human-friendly robot

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Better alternatives to tackle the road dangers of winter snow and ice?

June 8, 2011

Plexiglas-roofed city highways/roadways can eliminate snow/ice/ rain-associated deaths, deicing salt-induced environmental damage, and hypertension-promoting salinization of water

From Public Works Management & Policy

Since the severe winter of 2009-2010, which brought snow and ice to 49 states of the US there have been great concerns for future safety, commerce, and mobility. Snowstorms and ice storms cause road deaths, property damage, and environmental damage amongst many other problems. Currently the cheapest and best means to keep roads safe in winter is by salting or gritting. 18 million metric tons of rock salt is spread on US highways each year. This method does however have environmental and health implications. This article examines the limitations of the current methods of salting/gritting and ploughing/hauling, and considers the advantages of alternatives such as snow melting machines and a new technique using a ventilator-fitted Plexiglas roof. This study suggests that covered highways will be a very cost-effective long-term arrangement significantly eliminating snow/ice/rain driven accidents, deaths, delays, the need for salting or snow removal, water contamination, and environmental damage caused by salting.

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The technology of modeling has changed the future of warfare

March 17, 2011

Special issue: The Peace Support Operations Model: Stabilisation Strategy

From Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology

Technology via modeling is changing the way we approach military operations. This special issue looks at the Peace Support Operations Model (PSOM). Created originally in 2004 as a dedicated analytical program to study ‘problem space’, the model has evolved from a ‘simple’ Excel spreadsheet tool to a more interactive, player-friendly war-game with increased functionality and wide application. Articles examine the philosophies and concepts that underpin the model and consider future developments, recognizing that model-based war is the way forward.

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Does Google push the most popular content rather than act as a neutral tool?

January 19, 2011

Search engines and the production of academic knowledge


From
International Journal of Cultural Studies

Surveys prove that students performing topic searches for scholarly papers overwhelmingly choose search engines, rather than library-based research discovery networks, as their preferred starting-point. Are they getting the best and most relevant information? This article argues that search engines in general, and Google Scholar in particular, have become significant co-producers of academic knowledge. Academic users therefore need to raise their awareness of exactly how search engines operate, to ensure it is quality and not just popularity that drive their selection of sources.

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Branding in a new light: conveying identities through altered lighting

January 6, 2011

Light and corporate identity: Using lighting for corporate communication

From Lighting Research and Technology

This study explores how lighting design can alter the perceived brand identity of a room. Today’s shop lighting doesn’t just need to show off the goods in their best light, but also convey the brand image strategically in a chain of stores. This research required participants to rate images of rooms displaying different lighting variations with brand attributes. There was a strong correlation between the scales uniform-differentiated, bright-dark, cold-warm, and traditional-modern. The study represents a first step towards using lighting visualizations for subjective assessment.

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Bombers wearing suicide vests can be detected from a safe distance

November 9, 2010

Sensing and identifying the improvised explosive device suicide bombers: people carrying wires on their body

From The Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology

Terrorist threats from small devices continue to be a very real global concern. A reminder of the persistent danger from such weapons was flagged just last week as Federal agents detected bombs in airplane packages sent from the Yemen to the United States. Improvised Explosive Devices (IED’s) pose a significant concern for the U.S. military and its allies. The exciting results of this study demonstrate that suicide bombers can be found prior to detonation of their bombs at ranges that are relatively safe. Several radar-based metrics were developed to allow detection of persons in a crowd wearing wires as part of a vest in an effort to stop the bombing. The trials achieved a success rate of detecting persons wearing wires in approximately 83.4% of cases. Ensuring every effort is made to get the appropriate technology into the hands of those that need it will protect and save lives.

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