Archive for the ‘Engineering’ Category

Supporting adaptation decision making in response to a changing climate

August 7, 2012

Special Issue: Adaptation and resilience to a changing climate: Supporting adaptation decision making

From Building Services Engineering Research and Technology

This special issue provides an overview on the development of weather data based on the UK Climate Projections 2009 (UKCP09) to support modelling of buildings and services. UKCP09 offers a range of possible climate outcomes and the probability of those outcomes, based on our best understanding of how the climate system operates and how drivers of change can affect those outcomes. It is this offering that provides both the challenges and the opportunities to practitioners and provides the focus for research presented in this Special Issue.

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The recent tragic sinking of the Costa Concordia has provoked concern for safety on the seas: Collision avoidance of ships

February 1, 2012

From Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment

The recent disastrous experience of the Costa Concordia ship as it collided with rocks has provoked much concern and discussion about safety on the seas. SAGE has freed access to these two relevant articles from this journal Automatic collision avoidance of ships’ and ‘A procedure to optimize ship side structures for crashworthiness’.

The first considers automatic simulation of ship maneuvering to achieve effective safe paths on the seas and the second explores ways to optimize a conceptual ship side structure for crashworthiness with the aim of attempting to protect against rupture.

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Recognizing cutting edge robotics research

July 11, 2011

From The International Journal of Robotics Research

During a visit to Carnegie Mellon University’s National Robotics Engineering Center, Obama launched the New Robotics Initiative which seeks to advance the “next generation of robotics”. The National Robotics Initiative involves the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, NASA, and the Department of Agriculture, which combined will make available up to $70 million per year to fund new robotics projects. Just as Obama stated during his speech, “You might not know this, but one of my responsibilities as commander-in-chief is to keep an eye on robots,” researchers in robotics will need to ‘keep an eye’ on what is happening at the cutting edge of robotics research.

To celebrate the recognition of this important area of research and the commitment provided to future initiatives, SAGE has freed access to four relevant articles from one of its key Robotics titles – The International Journal of Robotics Research (now ranked #1 in the 2010 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, Robotics category).

Read these articles for free

Flagellated magnetotactic bacteria as controlled mri-trackable propulsion and steering systems for medical nanorobots operating in the human microvasculature

Nanorobot for brain aneurysm

Driver inattention detection based on eye gaze—road event correlation

Design and control of a bio-inspired human-friendly robot

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Better alternatives to tackle the road dangers of winter snow and ice?

June 8, 2011

Plexiglas-roofed city highways/roadways can eliminate snow/ice/ rain-associated deaths, deicing salt-induced environmental damage, and hypertension-promoting salinization of water

From Public Works Management & Policy

Since the severe winter of 2009-2010, which brought snow and ice to 49 states of the US there have been great concerns for future safety, commerce, and mobility. Snowstorms and ice storms cause road deaths, property damage, and environmental damage amongst many other problems. Currently the cheapest and best means to keep roads safe in winter is by salting or gritting. 18 million metric tons of rock salt is spread on US highways each year. This method does however have environmental and health implications. This article examines the limitations of the current methods of salting/gritting and ploughing/hauling, and considers the advantages of alternatives such as snow melting machines and a new technique using a ventilator-fitted Plexiglas roof. This study suggests that covered highways will be a very cost-effective long-term arrangement significantly eliminating snow/ice/rain driven accidents, deaths, delays, the need for salting or snow removal, water contamination, and environmental damage caused by salting.

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