Archive for the ‘Urban Studies’ Category

New York City street cleaning policy increases car usage for those without off-street parking

January 8, 2013

Duet of the Commons: The Impact of Street Cleaning on Car Usage in the New York City Area

From Journal of Planning Education and Research

Street cleaning is a common practice in many communities. Street cleaning encourages car usage for households without off-street parking and discourages car usage for households with off-street parking. The process requires that street parking be temporarily removed from the stock of available parking spaces, which affects parking and travel decisions. Local governments normally adopt three residential street parking policies, parking permit, time limits, and street cleaning. This article tests the impact of street cleaning on driving using a random sample of five hundred households in the New York City area. The policy implications of street cleaning in particular and residential street parking in general are discussed through the frameworks of property rights and social equity. The net effect is an increase of vehicle miles traveled by 7.1 percent, at least 27 percent of which is not a mere redistribution from non-street-cleaning days. The overall impact on weekly car usage is significant. These findings have direct implications on street parking policy in general and street cleaning operation in particular.

 

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Visual narratives of London among East European migrants indicate disillusionment with the global city

December 18, 2012

‘Where is the global city?’ visual narratives of London among East European migrants

From Urban Studies

This paper considers visual narratives, referring to the simultaneous textual and pictorial narrating of migrant experiences of everyday life in London, narratives that construct a counter-discourse to a ‘global’ London. The study is based on research conducted with men arriving from Eastern Europe in London after the expansion of the EU in 2004. Looking at photographs the paper observes that participants’ emplacement in and observation of banal and ordinary places in the city and en route to their homeland, suggest an assemblage of a mobile migrant subject within everyday urban spaces. Participants express disillusionment with the global city. The iconic city remains largely irrelevant to their lives.

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Addressing poverty and inequality; new forms of urban governance in Asia

October 16, 2012

Articles examining The Asian Coalition for Community Action (Acca)

From Environment and Urbanization

This issue of the Journal has seven papers on different aspects of an Asia-wide initiative to address urban poverty and inequality at scale – the Asian Coalition for Community Action (ACCA) – which was launched in 2009 and is active in 19 Asian nations. The issue offers a range of papers that report on the scale and scope of this programme, and examine in some detail different aspects of the initiative. The authors bring different perspectives, including those of community leaders from informal settlements and young professionals. Statistics on inequalities usually relate to income or assets, living conditions or health outcomes (such as infant and child mortality rates). But one of the most profound inequalities is rarely mentioned – how those living in informal settlements have no influence on local government or service providers (who ignore them and their needs) and no influence on decisions about development investments and priorities.

The ACCA programme seeks to channel the energy, resourcefulness and motivation evident in the inhabitants of most informal settlements into a larger, more focused and more collective force to address larger problems of housing, access to land and basic services and finance. With the small grants available to them, it is up to each community organization to choose what to do, how best to do it and how to use the money. This forms or strengthens a network of community organizations that can begin to work at city scale.

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