Posts Tagged ‘Security’

Climate change link to war remains tenuous

February 15, 2012

Special Issue: Climate change and conflict

From Journal of Peace Research      

Does climate change sow the seeds of war? Until recently, most answers to this political question have been based on speculation. This landmark issue investigates a host of potential causes for conflict. Many other factors have a far greater influence than climate change on peace and stability, most of the studies conclude. On balance, the authors only find limited support for an influence of climate change on armed conflict. But this does not eliminate the possibility that when climate issues are framed as a security problem, this may influence actor perception and contribute to a self-fulfilling prophecy.

In the largest collection of peer-reviewed writings on the topic to date, the authors employ systematic climate data and climate projections. Most of the articles deal with civil war, a few with international war, and several studies go beyond state-based conflict to look at possible implications for communal conflict and other kinds of violence.

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From Olympic massacre to the Olympic Stress Syndrome

January 31, 2012

From International Review for the Sociology of Sport

The first in our series of articles highlighting various aspects of Olympic Games to celebrate the countdown to 2012 this article considers how the development over the last 40 years of anti-terrorism measures has resulted in Olympic Games that have been held without terrorist attacks aimed at political change. Since the disaster of the 1972 Munich Olympic Games where 11 Israeli athletes were killed by Palestinian gunmen, the world has been alerted to the importance of Olympic security; since then, the Olympic Games have become the standard-bearer for national organization and international cooperation on anti-terrorism within society generally.

However it is argued here that the investment in security and policing can prove counterproductive as a defensive antiterrorist strategy, for several reasons. First, rather than creating the feeling of a safe  environment, it can lead to a climate of fear among the people to be protected. Second, it can lead to an exaggerated focus on one specific arrangement (the Olympic Games), with a parallel under-focus on other possible targets: terrorists can stay away from the Olympics and concentrate on other unprotected or under-focused targets. The author suggests that we are approaching an Olympic Stress Syndrome in the field of Olympic anti-terrorism measures and points out that we can never be too secure, but we can spend too much on security. The future will show if the increasing focus on security does result in a fortification of the Olympics and in a prohibitively expensive Games.

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The Politics of Securitization

November 3, 2011

Special issue

From Security Dialogue

This Special issue on The Politics of Securitization contains the following articles.

  • Concepts of politics in securitization studies
  • Security, the translation
  • The politics of securitization and the Muhammad cartoon crisis: A post-structuralist perspective
  • What’s in an act? On security speech acts and little security nothings
  • Science and securitization: Objectivation, the authority of the speaker and mobilization of scientific facts
  • The politics of studying securitization? The Copenhagen School in Turkey
  • Can securitization theory be used in normative analysis? Towards a just securitization theory
  • Designing (de)security: European exceptionalism, Atlantic republicanism and the ‘public sphere’
  • Securitization and the liberalism of fear
  • Politics, security, theory

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