Posts Tagged ‘sex-role attitudes’

Male benevolent sexism in romantic and work contexts

January 10, 2013

Prescription of protective paternalism for men in romantic and work contexts

From Psychology of Women Quarterly

Male protectiveness can be perceived as sexism. The perception depends on the situation, some protectiveness can be identified as benevolent while other protectiveness can be seen as contributing to women’s subordination. Protective paternalism, a particular form of benevolent sexism, refers to the belief that men should protect, take care of, cherish, and provide for the women on whom they depend. This paper examines 6 studies, studies demonstrating that prescription of protective paternalism for men is a complex phenomenon because it depends on contextual as well as individual variables.  The studies explore prescribed protective paternalism in the context of romantic relations and also work situations. The findings in the paper conclude that improved understandings of various ideologies, as proposed through the studies, are necessary in order to move closer toward genuine equality between the sexes.


Sex-related literature jeopardizes and empowers young women’s sexuality

September 11, 2012

Striving for pleasure without fear: Short-term effects of reading a women’s magazine on women’s sexual attitudes

From Psychology of Women Quarterly 

The outstanding global success of ‘50 Shades Of Grey’ by E. L. James seems to have prompted the abundance of erotic novels on the market and storming the charts. At the moment 8 out of the top 10 bestselling fictional books in the UK are works of erotica. The boom of ‘mummy porn’ has no doubt encouraged speculation about the effects the popularity may have on attitudes and behavior. While the effects of sexualized media on young women has long been debated, this study finds that women who read sex-related magazine articles from popular women’s magazines like Cosmopolitan are less likely to view premarital sex as a risky behavior. Additionally, the women who are exposed to these articles are more supportive of sexual behavior that both empowers women and prioritizes their own sexual pleasure. The article concludes  “Our results suggest that the complex and sometimes conflicting representations of female sexuality proliferating in the mass media and popular culture could potentially have both empowering and problematic effects on women’s developing sexual identities.”


Sexism legitimizes gender inequality and makes it worse

November 10, 2011

Sexism and gender inequality across 57 societies

From Psychological Science

The purpose of this study was to directly test the hypothesis that sexism is a hierarchy-enhancing ideology by examining the contribution of sexist ideologies to increases in gender inequality across 57 societies. This study is the most expansive study of sexism conducted to date and is the first study to demonstrate the temporal precedence of sexism in enhancing gender inequality. By taking advantage of both individual and societal-level data, it was possible to examine the association between ideological beliefs and systemic outcomes. Higher levels of societal health, wealth, and education have been related to lower levels of support for sexist gender ideologies The results presented suggest that sexism not only legitimizes gender inequality, but actively makes it worse.


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