Posts Tagged ‘women’

Female sex offenders protected by the criminal justice system

June 14, 2012

Sex-based sentencing sentencing discrepancies between male and female sex offenders

From Feminist Criminology

This study highlights that female sex offenders receive lighter sentences for the same crimes than males. The researchers analyzed data from the U.S. Department of Justice’s National Corrections Reporting Program from the years 1994 to 2004. Sex offenses included rape, statutory rape, sexual assault, child sexual assault, and forcible sodomy. Looking at the sentences that male and female sex offenders received for specific sex offenses they found that even after the implementation of sentencing guidelines to ensure equality in sentencing, on average male sentences were between 6% and 31% longer than female sentences for the same or similar crimes. The disparity is explained in this paper by discussing the American idea that “women are weaker and, therefore, must be protected at all times regardless of their status as victims or offenders.”

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Getting back in the game: What helps middle-aged women get hired after long absences from the workplace?

September 28, 2011

The Resume Characteristics Determining Job Interviews for Middle-Aged Women Seeking Entry-Level Employment

From
Journal of Career Development

Finding a job in today’s economy is difficult in the best of circumstances, but many women are facing an even bigger challenge: returning to the workforce after a long absence.  In this study researchers  looked at the characteristics on older women’s resumes that received the most success in securing job interviews. The top characteristic that resulted in job interviews for middle-aged women seeking an entry level job was vocational or computer training. Researchers looked at the effects of age, job-related experience, vocational training, outside activities, and length of gaps in work history.  and studied the responses from employers interested in conducting interviews with their “candidates.” Employers represented various fields of industry and the jobs listed were all entry-level positions requiring up to one year of post-high school education and combined work experience.

Contrary to the advice of many career guides, outside activities did not carry the same importance as many profess. Instead job seekers are encouraged to gain further education or vocational training to stay current with today’s sought after skills.  Frustratingly for women in the position of wanting to get back into the workplace at this stage of life the results confirmed a previous study that showed a negative correlation between age and hiring.

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Human trafficking: the unintended effects of United Nations intervention

June 9, 2011

From International Political Science Review

This article examines the unintended effects of UN intervention leading to substantial increases in the human sex trafficking trade into crisis areas. It looks particularly at the cases of Kosovo, Haiti and Sierra Leone. In July 1999 the Kosovo Protection Force entered Kosovo, the war-torn province of Serbia, in order to protect ethnic Albanians. Within months the global human rights community drew attention to the establishment and intensification of human sex trafficking into Kosovo. In August 2004, Amnesty International reported that young women from Eastern Europe were being abducted, drugged, and sold into human trafficking rings in Kosovo.

This paper demonstrates that the introduction of UN peacekeeping forces into a crisis area leads to an increase in the rate of human trafficking, and reveals that the size of the force determines the magnitude of the increase. It concludes that more aggressive monitoring of trafficking patterns following the departure of peacekeeping forces is needed and also a consideration of the best method for reducing the spread of human trafficking in the wake of UN intervention should be undertaken. 

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Why is the vampire Edward Cullen from Twilight desirable despite being an extreme psychopath?

May 5, 2011

A boyfriend to die for: Edward Cullen as compensated psychopath in Stephanie Meyer’s Twilight

From Journal of Communication Inquiry

This study looks at the male lead character Edward Cullen in the hugely popular Twilight novel and movie. It recognizes that this role is one of a “compensated psychopath” (CP)—an extreme psychopath who is able to pass for functional in society. The popularity of the role may be understood for the movie viewers in part as it is played by the heartthrob Robert Pattinson, but the idealization of Edward as a top boyfriend by the female lead character and also avid girls around the globe reading or watching, considering he is a dangerous vampire is largely uncriticized.

The article describes the romantic male vampire phenomenon in contemporary American culture and discusses the concept of the “compensated psychopath”. Discourse analysis is also used to identify coded terms and phrases that have connotative meaning, The importance of taking popular culture portrayals seriously is outlined arguing that it would be easy to dismiss Twilight as only harmless entertainment. Although Edward Cullen may be purely fictional, the power of story, of mass media, to influence viewers and readers, is well established in academic literature. The idealization of Edward is troubling as it flies under the radar of contemporary concern for girls’ psychic and physical well-being.

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Study confirms women have become more like men

September 16, 2010

Cohort differences in personality in middle-aged women during a 36-year period. Results from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg

From Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

This research measures differences in personality in middle-aged Swedish women during a 36-year period. Society has undergone major changes in recent decades, many of which have had a pronounced impact on women’s lives. The results of this survey indicate there has been a transition for women in direction towards a stereotypically ‘‘male’’ personality profile, but not at the expense of traditionally socially important female traits. Comparisons in psychological profile subscales showed an increase in dominance, exhibition, aggression and achievement. The findings support the hypothesis that society and the environment influence personality.

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